Seed, Series A, B, C, & D Explained

This complete information will talk about the completely different startup funding levels, corresponding to seed funding, sequence (A, B, C, D, and so forth) funding, and extra.

Nowadays, you continuously hear the phrases startups, valuation, bootstrap, seed funding, enterprise capital investments, and a lot extra. Seasoned entrepreneurs know these phrases very properly, however novice entrepreneurs would possibly really feel somewhat overwhelmed.

In this text, we’ll talk about the startup funding course of at size, the timeline of startup funding, the estimated quantity you may elevate at every stage, and even the exit choices in case your startup turns right into a unicorn.

So, let’s leap into this startup funding information.

Why Do Startups Need Funding?

A startup is a enterprise that’s based mostly on a novel thought and is within the preliminary levels of growth. A startup will be based and managed by a number of entrepreneurs. 

If you do not need an thought, you may even use AI to generate a enterprise thought.

The major intention of a startup is to deal with a particular demand for a product or a service. Hence, they’ve a niched goal buyer base. Startups are principally high-cost, low-revenue companies and thus require exterior capital to run their enterprise.

Startups are usually technology-driven and thus want a workforce that may convert the founder’s thought into services and products. It takes some huge cash for a startup to flourish and grow to be a billion-dollar firm like Uber, SpaceX, Canva, Epic Games, and extra.

To fund these financial necessities, corporations undergo numerous startup funding levels. Each stage is outlined based on the corporate’s wants, profitability, valuation, future plans, and extra.

How Does the Startup Funding Process Works?

First, it is advisable to perceive the individuals concerned within the funding course of earlier than realizing the way it works. There are startup house owners/companies on one facet that need to safe funding, and on the opposite, there are potential buyers.

The buyers will spend money on the corporate in the event that they see a possible for progress and, in fact, make multifold returns on their investments. Before any capital is raised, there’s a strategy of assessing the valuation of an organization. 


Valuation is predicated on administration, progress expectation, projections, capital construction, market dimension, and danger. Some seasoned buyers even have their very own strategies of evaluating a enterprise.

Some of the elements that have an effect on the valuation of a startup are:

  • Revenue: An estimation of an organization’s present earnings and the way a lot it’s going to make. The method for calculating income is Market Size X Market Share.
  • Market Size: The complete worth of the market that the enterprise operates in. Calculated in US Dollars.
  • Market Share: The startup’s place out there, for instance, 1% of the general market dimension.
  • Multiple: An estimate to derive the worth of the enterprise, for instance, 10X or 12X the income.
  • Return: The enhance in worth in comparison with the invested capital. It is predicated on estimated progress in market share, market dimension, and income.

Now that you’ve understood why startups want funding and the way the funding course of works, let’s transfer forward and talk about what the assorted startup funding levels are.

Core Startup Funding Stages

At the funding stage, startups pitch their enterprise concepts to buyers and attempt to elevate funds to fulfill their monetary wants.

Let’s see essentially the most essential startup funding levels, how a lot capital will be raised at every stage, and why companies elevate capital in levels.

  1. Pre-Seed Funding
  2. Seed Funding
  3. Series A, B, C, D, and extra
  4. Initial Public Offering (IPO)

Note: Before getting into the funding stage, you could register your organization as a Private LLC. This is a compulsory authorized requirement.

A sole proprietor or an unregistered personal startup can not elevate funds past the pre-seed stage.

Pre-Seed Funding


Now that you’ve got your distinctive enterprise thought, the very first thing you’ll do is analyze the marketplace for your product/service. This evaluation will confirm that your small business thought is executable.

To convert this distinctive thought into actuality, initially, you’ll have to make investments some funds from your individual pockets. This cash might come out of your private financial savings or borrow cash out of your family and friends.

The pre-seed funding spherical is often known as bootstrapping. It merely means the startup house owners use their very own current sources to scale their startups in essentially the most resourceful method.

The funds within the pre-seeding stage are principally used for analysis and growth; this additionally permits the entrepreneurs to check the viability of their thought. During this stage, many startups additionally search steerage from veteran startup founders to find out the prices, design a worthwhile enterprise mannequin, and acquire concepts to run the enterprise easily.

It can be suggested to type out any copyrights, patents, partnership agreements, or another authorized necessities on the pre-seeding stage solely. Else, it would dissuade potential buyers, as no investor desires to spend money on an organization that has unsolved authorized points.

Potential Investment: USD $10,000 to USD $100,000

Seed Funding


This is essentially the most essential stage for any startup, as issues get somewhat critical right here. According to Failory, 9 out of 10 startups fail on the seed funding stage.

At this level, you’ll take your prototype to the potential buyers and provide them firm fairness in trade for bigger quantities of capital. Most of the time, funds collected on this stage are used for the next:

  • Product launch
  • Marketing campaigns
  • Hiring new sources
  • Additional market analysis for product-market-fit

Since you may be hiring some workers at this stage, you have to to spend money on a group collaboration device like Slack, Microsoft Teams, Zoho, or extra. If you plan to rent remotely, then you may also must spend money on a doc collaboration device like Notion, ClickUp, or

Potential buyers at seed funding levels are: 

  • Angel Investors [entrepreneurs, individual investors, etc.]
  • Early-Stage Venture Capital Firms [Sequoia Capital, Tiger Global, Accel, and more]
  • Incubators [Y Combinator, Microsoft Accelerator, Techstars, and more]

At this stage, angel buyers, one other standard time period within the startup ecosystem, enter the funding sport. Angel buyers are these buyers, and seasoned entrepreneurs, who spend money on an organization at their pre-revenue stage and likewise provide their experience for the success of the enterprise.

Hence, these early-stage buyers are referred to as angels. You may also elevate some funds from family and friends or through a crowdfunding marketing campaign.

You ought to go for a seed funding spherical when your startup is valued between $3 million to $6 million. Potential funding relies upon upon the events and their funding capability.

Potential Investment: $50,000 to $3 million

Series Funding Stage (A, B, C, D, and extra)


At this stage, the corporate is getting good buyer traction and gross sales and now desires to broaden its market share. To obtain this, the corporate must scale up its enterprise and deal with a correct advertising technique.

The firm additionally intends to spend money on the newest applied sciences. At this startup funding stage, the Series A spherical begins. If you have got seen the favored present Shark Tank, you’d be acquainted with the Series A funding spherical.

At this stage, buyers need to spend money on corporations which have already launched their merchandise and already began producing revenues. As an organization grows, so does its income and valuation, and thus the funding requirement goes up as properly.

Companies want to boost funds from established enterprise capital companies to meet this elevated capital requirement. Some huge institutional buyers you can count on to see at this stage are Sequoia, Lightspeed, Saif Partners, Nexus, Matrix, Kalari, and extra.

There isn’t any pre-determined quantity you can elevate in every of those Series rounds. It relies upon from firm to firm. 

Let’s talk about the potential funds and their makes use of in every Series spherical.

Series A: Potential Investments and Fund Uses

At this stage, buyers are usually not simply in search of corporations based mostly on nice concepts however an organization that’s backed by a robust technique and a worthwhile enterprise mannequin. All of which is critical to show the startup right into a profitable, money-minting enterprise.

This is why corporations which can be valued at as much as $50 million go for Series A funding. Series A funds are principally used for future enterprise progress, corresponding to:

  • Improving your small business processes
  • Product growth
  • Creating a scalable blueprint for progress
  • Counterbalancing shortfalls and monetary losses

You may additionally need to spend money on gross sales intelligence instruments to grasp your clients higher and enhance gross sales.

Potential Investments: $2 million to $10 million

Series B: Potential Investments and Fund Uses

Series B funding rounds are principally to take enterprise previous the event stage. 

With the Seed and Series A funds, companies deal with market analysis, product growth, and creating a considerable person base. Still, Series B funds are used to broaden the market attain and meet elevated calls for.

Only well-established corporations go into Series B funding. According to Fundz, in 2022, corporations going into the Series B funding stage had a median valuation of $35 million and a mean of $51 million.

Series B buyers are principally the identical as Series A – the large institutional buyers. Often, there’s an anchor investor that reels in different buyers. The solely distinction in Series B you’ll see is the inflow of recent enterprise capital companies specializing in expansion-stage investing.

Series B funds are principally used for:

  • Market enlargement
  • Advanced actions to succeed in new markets
  • Assemble groups for numerous departments – advertising, human sources, and many others.

Potential Investments: $10 million to $25 million

Series C: Potential Investments and Fund Uses

An organization heading into the Series C funding stage is already profitable. At this stage, corporations need to broaden their product catalogue, enterprise into new markets and even purchase different corporations. 

An investor’s goal is to get a 2X or 3X return on their investments. Series C funds are primarily invested in scaling the corporate by increasing the market attain or buying one other firm.

Raising funds in Series C is less complicated in comparison with earlier rounds, as the corporate is considerably rising, and buyers belief the startup to succeed even additional. 

Series C funds are used for:

  • Build new merchandise
  • Expand market attain
  • Acquire underperforming corporations in the identical business

Potential Investments: $25 million to $50 million

Series D: Potential Investments and Fund Uses

Most corporations don’t even go into Series D funding rounds, but when they do, it’s principally for 2 causes:

  1. Lucrative Opportunity: Before leaping into an IPO, the corporate sees an unmissable takeover alternative.
  2. Subpar Performance: The firm wants extra funds to attain the targets set within the Series C funding spherical.

There isn’t any cap on the variety of funding rounds a startup can full. If an organization has extra bold income targets, it may possibly full as many fundraising sequence as wanted.

Potential Investments: $50 million to $100 million

At this stage, you, as the corporate house owners, have two choices: EXIT or IPO.

Now that your organization has grown right into a multi-million greenback firm or perhaps a billion-dollar unicorn, huge gamers will give you an enormous lump sum quantity to accumulate your small business.

This could be a 100% takeover deal or perhaps a merger. You, and your buyers, can determine to take all of the earnings and exit the corporate. Remember how Facebook took over WhatsApp?

The second possibility you have got on the Series funding stage is to go for an IPO, which takes us to the fourth startup funding stage.

Initial Public Offering (IPO)

Launching its Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the last word stage for any startup. At this stage, the personal startup turns into a public firm and raises funds immediately from the general public.


Initial Public Offering (IPO) merely means the primary provide made by the corporate to promote its fairness shares on to the general public by a inventory trade. The inventory trade will be inside the nation of operation or out of the country.

The firm may even be listed on a number of inventory exchanges. Some of the largest IPOs in latest reminiscence, corresponding to Stripe, Instacart, Discord, and extra, had been within the fourth stage of their startup funding stage.

Pre-Requisites for Launching an IPO

While launching an IPO, the method primarily has two components:

Pre-marketing section

IPO launch

The firm will promote the IPO provide to underwriters (principally funding banks) and encourage personal bids, or it may possibly publish a press launch to generate public curiosity. The firm chooses one or a number of underwriters who lead and handle the IPO course of.

The funding financial institution evaluates the corporate by monetary evaluation and decides on a valuation, share worth, IPO launch date, and extra. They additionally maintain each side of the IPO – due diligence, documentation, submitting, advertising, and even issuance.

Before launching an IPO, the corporate have to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and meet all of the eligibility standards. Once all the pieces is finished, the corporate will likely be listed on a inventory trade.

Once publicly out there, most people should buy and promote the corporate’s shares. This is how the corporate will now elevate funds. IPO is the ultimate a part of the startup funding levels.

Benefits of an IPO

  • Ability to boost capital from most people
  • The firm’s progress displays within the share costs, which in flip results in elevated market capitalization
  • Public corporations have simpler acquisition offers (share conversions)
  • Increased transparency for most people
  • Favorable credit score borrowing phrases

Final Words

So, we noticed completely different startup funding levels and the way a lot capital you may count on to boost in every spherical.

In conclusion, there are 4 core startup funding levels: pre-seed, seed, sequence rounds, and preliminary public providing (IPO). Each stage has distinctive challenges and alternatives, and startups ought to rigorously contemplate their choices earlier than selecting a funding path.

Startups ought to select the funding path that finest aligns with their targets and goals. Seed funding is an efficient possibility for startups which can be simply getting began. Angel funding is an efficient possibility for startups with a working product seeking to develop. 

Venture capital funding is an efficient possibility for startups that need to scale. Private fairness funding is an efficient possibility for startups that need to purchase or merge with different corporations.

Finally, an IPO is an efficient possibility for startups which can be prepared to boost capital from the general public markets.

No matter which funding path a startup chooses, you will need to have a robust marketing strategy and a transparent understanding of the dangers and rewards concerned.

Next, take a look at working capital suppliers to fund your small business progress.

Vikash Gorayan

Vikash Gorayan is a technology enthusiast with a passion for gadgets and product management. He is constantly seeking new opportunities to learn and grow in his field.

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