How To Do

How to Integrate Python in Power BI

Power BI is an extremely helpful knowledge analytics and visualization platform. With it, enterprise customers can create studies and dashboards from in any other case meaningless knowledge data.

These studies and dashboards are interactive and could be shared with workforce members. This makes Power BI a liked device in enterprise intelligence.

In this text, I’ll reveal how to combine Power BI with Python – one other standard programming language used for knowledge analytics.

Why Integrate Python in Power BI

Python is a well-liked programming language that’s comparatively simple to be taught and due to this fact most popular by knowledge analysts or different professionals who need to write code with out being full-time programmers. Integrating it into Power BI carries an a variety of benefits, reminiscent of:

  • Data could be imported programmatically utilizing APIs. This is helpful when integrating totally different programs collectively, reminiscent of consumer database programs with Power BI for real-time utilization analytics.
  • Data will also be visualized in extra methods than Power BI natively helps. The Python integration into Power BI allows you to create customized visualizations utilizing libraries reminiscent of Matplotlib.

Also learn: Microsoft Power BI Data Analyst Certification (PL-300): How to Get it.

Without additional ado, let’s get into how to combine Python in Power BI.

How to Integrate Python in Power BI

Power BI Desktop solely runs on Windows. Therefore, for this information, I’m going to be assuming you’re doing this on a Windows machine. To combine Power BI with Python, you have to to observe the steps outlined beneath:

Install Python

First, you want to set up Python in your machine. Installing Python is straightforward. You merely have to go to the official Python obtain web page and obtain the installer. With the installer downloaded, run it, ensuring to add it to your environmental variables. If you aren’t positive how to try this, right here’s a useful video to information you.

Install Power BI

This half is considerably apparent. To combine Python into Power BI, you want to have Power BI put in. For this demonstration, we’re going to be utilizing the Desktop model. This could be completed by first visiting the official Power BI download page and downloading the desktop model.


After you obtain it, run the installer, accepting default settings.

Install Pandas and Matplotlib

Power BI requires two extra libraries to work with datasets and create visualizations in Python. These are Pandas – a data-handling library, and Matplotlib – a knowledge visualization library. To set up pandas, open up Command Prompt and enter the next command:

pip3 set up pandas

Next, set up matplotlib by coming into the next command in Command Prompt:

pip3 set up matplotlib==3.7

Enable Python Scripting

The final step is to confirm that Python scripting has been enabled. To achieve this, choose the File Section on the Power BI ribbon.


Next, choose the Options and Settings choice from the menu.


In the Options menu, go to the Python Scripting part and confirm that your Python set up folder is listed because the Python folder.


And that’s it; you may have Python built-in into Power BI. Next, we’ll discover how to use it.

How to Use Python in Power BI

To Import Data

To import knowledge, first, choose the Get Data choice from the ribbon.


In the popup menu that seems, seek for Python and choose the Python scripting choice.


Enter the next Python code that creates a small dataset into the script enter that seems.

import pandas as pd

gross sales = pd.DataBody({
    'month': ['January', 'February', 'March'],
    'worth': [124000, 240000, 180000]

Next, we’re going to create a visualization utilizing Python in Power BI.

To Create Visualizations

We are going to create a easy line plot that exhibits the gross sales over the three months represented in the dataset we’ve simply created.

To create a visualization, first, choose the Python choice from the Visualisations panel on the suitable of Power BI. The Python choice is solely labeled Py. If it doesn’t instantly seem, click on on the three dots to discover it there.


After clicking it, it is best to get a immediate asking if you would like to allow script visualizations. To which you’ll settle for so you’ll be able to write a Python visualization.


After that, drag the month and worth fields from the Data panel on the far proper to the Visualisations panel, that’s, to the Data panel’s fast left. Doing this will provide you with entry to the info you employ when creating the visualization.


Next, it is best to see a script editor part that appears like this on the backside:


In this script, we’ve entry to the dataset object – which is a pandas Dataframe containing the columns month and worth. The script additionally robotically drops duplicate values. The commented code is all the time executed even when commented, so we would not have to do something to it.

To create our visualization utilizing matplotlib, we write the next code:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
dataset.plot(form='line', x='month', y='worth', shade='blue')


This creates a line plot from the dataset. The x-axis will include months, whereas the y-axis will include values. The shade of the road can be blue.

Next, click on the run button on the highest proper of the script editor, and it is best to see a visualization seem in your display.


That’s it! We had been in a position to create a visualization in Power BI utilizing Python. This instance could be prolonged to totally different visualizations utilizing the Matplotlib documentation.

Sharing and Reusing Code

One of some great benefits of utilizing Python to create visualizations is that the code used to create visualizations or import knowledge could be shared throughout tasks. This allows you to shortly generate new studies by reusing code from earlier studies.

While there isn’t a built-in mechanism for sharing knowledge in Power BI that I do know of, the great previous copy-paste ought to work right here. It is a bit tedious however higher than creating visualizations from scratch utilizing built-in visualization instruments.

Limitations of the Python Integration in Power BI

While integrating Power BI with Python carries some benefits, there are some limitations you ought to be conscious of. These embody:

  • Python Integration requires specific variations of Python, pandas, and matplotlib. If totally different variations are used, this might trigger errors. It is, due to this fact, essential to guarantee correct dependency administration to stop errors.
  • Not all Python libraries are supported, which implies there are restricted Python libraries you need to use when writing your scripts in Power BI.
  • Risk of operating scripts from dangerous actors. One needs to be cautious concerning the scripts they get hold of on-line and use in a report. These might be dangerous.

Use Cases

Power BI with Python is helpful for performing quite a few issues. These embody:

  • Creating Machine Learning Analytics functions
  • Creating visualizations and real-time dashboards
  • Transforming knowledge in extra sophisticated methods

Final Words

In this text, we explored how we would improve the performance of Power BI, a preferred enterprise intelligence device with Python – a preferred programming language used for knowledge analytics, amongst different makes use of. We additionally lined the advantages and limitations of this implementation. We additionally lined standard use instances of this implementation.

Next, take a look at an introduction to Matplotlib in Python.

Vikash Gorayan

Vikash Gorayan is a technology enthusiast with a passion for gadgets and product management. He is constantly seeking new opportunities to learn and grow in his field.

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